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UPSC CSE Syllabus 2024 : UPSC IAS Syllabus for Prelims & Mains

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UPSC CSE Selection Process

  • Prelim Exam
  • Mains Exam
  • Interview

UPSC CSE Prelim Exam Pattern

UPSC CSE Prelim Exam Pattern
Subject Marks         Time(minutes)
Paper‐I (General Studies ) 200 120
Paper‐II (General Aptitude) 200 120
Total 400 240
  • Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  • The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.
  • It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim)
    Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in
    case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.
UPSC CSE Prelim Syllabus for PAPER-I
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy,
    Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion,
    Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not
    require subject specialization.
  • General Science.
UPSC CSE Prelim Syllabus for PAPER-II
  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data
  • interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level)

UPSC CSE Mains Exam Pattern

UPSC CSE Mains Exam Pattern
Qualifying Papers Marks
Paper-A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution 300
Paper-B English 300
Papers to be Counted for Merit
Paper-I Essay 250
Paper-II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) 250
Paper-III General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250
Paper-IV Genera Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250
Paper-V General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) 250
Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250
Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250
Sub Total (Written Test) 1750
UPSC CSE Syllabus for Indian Language Paper
(i) comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Precis Writing.
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
(iv) Short Essays.
(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.
UPSC CSE Syllabus for English Language
(i) Comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Precis Writing.
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
(iv) Short Essays.
UPSC CSE Syllabus for Mains Essay Paper
Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to
keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write
concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
UPSC CSE Syllabus for General Studies‐I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from
    different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution,
    world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political
    philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and
    developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian
    sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector
    industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features
    (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
UPSC CSE Syllabus for General Studies‐II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant
    provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to
    the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers &
    privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and
    Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their
    role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of
    various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising
    out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various
    groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
    performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
    protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
    Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governanceapplications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency &
    accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting
    India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,
    Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
UPSC CSE Syllabus for General Studies‐III

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth,
    development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation
    and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and
    related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public
    Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and
    food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream
    and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on
    industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and
    developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology
    and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social
    networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering
    and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
UPSC CSE Syllabus for General Studies‐IV

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues
    relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues
    and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study
    approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered :
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human
    actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values –
    lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of
    family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and
    non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion
    towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical
    concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and
    conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance;
    strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international
    relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and
    probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of
    Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery,
    Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.
UPSC CSE Syllabus for Optional Subject
Optional Subject Syllabus        
Agriculture Click Here
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Click Here
Anthropology Click Here
Botany Click Here
Chemistry Click Here
Civil Engineering Click Here
Commerce and Accountancy Click Here
Economics Click Here
Electrical Engineering Click Here
Geography Click Here
Geology Click Here
History Click Here
Law Click Here
Management Click Here
Mathematics Click Here
Mechanical Engineering Click Here
Medical Science Click Here
Philosophy Click Here
Physics Click Here
Political Science and International Relations Click Here
Psychology Click Here
Public Administration Click Here
Sociology Click Here
Statistics Click Here
Zoology Click Here
UPSC CSE Literature Optional Syllabus
Subject Syllabus
Assamese Click Here
Bengali Click Here
Bodo Click Here
Dogri Click Here
Gujarati Click Here
Hindi Click Here
Kannada Click Here
Kashmiri Click Here
Konkani Click Here
Maithili Click Here
Malayalam Click Here
Manipuri Click Here
Marathi Click Here
Nepali Click Here
Odia Click Here
Punjabi Click Here
Sanskrit Click Here
Santhali Click Here
Sindhi Click Here
Tamil Click Here
Telugu Click Here
Urdu Click Here
English Click Here
UPSC CSE Interview/ Personality Teast
  • Marks allotted for Interview is 275 marks.
  • Prelims Marks are not included to Prepare Final Merit Preparation.

Birm Gehlot

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