UPSC CSE Sanskrit Literature Syllabus 2021
By On June 7th, 2021
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UPSC CSE Sanskrit Literature Syllabus for Paper-I
Note- There will be three questions as indicated in the Question Paper which must be answered in
Sanskrit. The Remaining questions must be answered either in Sanskrit or in the medium of
examination opted by the candidate

Section A 

  • 1. Significant features of the grammar, with particular stress on Sanjna, Sandhi, Karaka, Samasa,
    Kartari and Karmani vacyas (voice usages) (to be answered in Sanskrit).
  • 2.(a) Main characteristics of Vedic Sanskrit language
    (b) Prominent feature of classical Sanskrit language
    (c) Contribution of Sanskrit to linguistic studies
  • 3. General Knowledge of :—
    (a) Literary history of Sanskrit
    (b) Principal trends of literary criticism
    (c) Ramayana
    (d) Mahabharata
    (e) The origin and development of literary geners of :
    Rupaka (drama)
    Muktaka Kavya.

Section B

  • 4. Essential of Indian Culture with stress on :
    (a) Purusãrthas
    (b) Samskãras
    (c) Varnãsramavyavasthã
    (d) Arts and fine arts
    (e) Technical Sciences.
  • 5. Trends of Indian Philosophy
    (a) Mïmansã
    (b) Vedãnta
    (c) Nyaya
    (d) Vaisesika
    (e) Sãnkhya
    (f) Yoga
    (g) Bauddha
    (h) Jaina
    (i) Carvãka
  • 6. Short Essay (in Sanskrit)
  • 7. Unseen passage with the questions (to be answered in Sanskrit).
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UPSC CSE Sanskrit Literature Syllabus for Paper-II
Note- Question from Group 4 is to be answered in Sanskrit only. Questions from Groups 1, 2 and 3
are to be answered either in Sanskrit or in the medium opted by the candidate.

Section A

  • Group 1 (a) Raghuvamsam—Kalidasa
    (b) Kumarasambhavam—Kalidasa
    (c) Kiratarjuniyam—Bharavi
    (d) Sisupalavadham—Magha
    (e) Naisadhiyacaritam—Sriharsa
    (f) Kadambari—Banabhatta
    (g) Dasakumaracaritam—Dandin
    (h) Sivarajyodayam—S.B. Varnekar
  • Group 2 (a) Isãvãsyopanisad
    (b) Bhagavadgitã
    (c) Sundarakanda of Valmiki’s
    (d) Arthasastra of Kautilya
  • Group 3 (a) Svapanavasavadattam—Bhasa
    (b) Abhijnanasakuntalam—Kalidasa
    (c) Mricchakatikam—Sudraka
    (d) Mudraraksasam—Visakhadatta
    (e) Uttararamacaritam—Bhavbhuti
    (f) Ratnavali—Sriharshavardhana
    (g) Venisamharam—Bhattanarayana
  • Group 4 Short notes in Sanskrit on the following :—
    (a) Meghadutam—Kalidasa
    (b) Nitisatakam—Bhartrhari
    (c) Pancatantra—
    (d) Rajatarangini—Kalhana
    (e) Harsacaritam—Banabhatta
    (f) Amarukasatakam—Amaruka
    (g) Gitagovindam—Jayadeva


Note- This section will require first hand reading of the following selected texts :— (Questions from
Groups 1 & 2 are to be answered in Sanskrit only) Questions from Groups 3 and 4 are to be
answered either in Sanskrit or in the Medium opted by the candidate.

  • Group 1 (a) Raghuvamsam—CantoI, Verses 1 to 10
    (b) Kumarasambhavam—Canto I, Verses1 to 10
    (c) Kiratarjuniyaue—Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
  • Group 2 (a) Isavasyopanisad—Verses—1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 15 and 18
    (b) Bhagavatgita II Chapter Verses13 to 25
    (c) Sundarakandam of Valmiki Canto15, Verses 15 to 30 (Geeta Press
  • Group 3 (a) Meghadutam—Verses 1 to 10
    (b) Nitisatakam—Verses 1 to 10 (Edited by D.D. Kosambi Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
    (c) Kadambari—Sukanasopadesa (only)
  • Group 4 (a) Svapnavasavadattam Act VI
    (b) Abhijnansakuntalam Act IV Verses 15 to 30 (M.R. Kale Edition)
    (c) Uttararamacaritam Act I Verses 31 to 47 (M.R. Kale Edition).

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) On UPSC CSE Optional Syllabus 

Question- What is the UPSC’s Annual Programme (Calendar) of Examinations/RTs (Recruitment Tests)?
Answer – The UPSC publishes an Annual Programme (Calendar) of all the Structured Examinations/RTs conducted by it at least 6 months in advance (i.e. in June) for the Examinations/RTs to be conducted during the next calendar year. The Programme is uploaded on the UPSC’s website as also published in the leading news papers of the country. The date of issue of Examination Notice for each Examination is also mentioned in this Annual Programme.

Question- What happens if a candidate submits multiple online applications?
Answer – While a candidate should avoid submitting more than one online application, in case of doing so, the data provided in the last application (highest RID Number), that is successfully submitted online, is accepted by the Commission. All previous applications are ignored as these are amalgamated with the last completed & finally submitted application. If an applicant (who has already submitted an application successfully) wants to
make amendments in the application, then he has to submit a fresh application on or before the last date of submission of application of the Examination. Therefore, it must be ensured that fee is submitted against the
last online application only, which should also be complete in all respects including its final submission. Fee paid against one RID shall not be adjusted against any other RID number

Question- What action is taken by the Commission in case of submission of false information by the candidates?
Answer – A candidate found to be furnishing false information to the Commission or suppressing information, adopting various unfair means in the Examination like impersonation, cheating, etc., is liable to be disqualified
and/or debarred from writing UPSC Examinations as decided by the Commission. A detailed stipulation in this regard is incorporated in the Rules of Examination/ Examination Notices.

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