UPSC CSE Civil Engineering Optional Syllabus 2021
By On June 5th, 2021
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UPSC CSE Civil Engineering Optional Syllabus for Paper-I, UPSC CSE Civil Engineering Optional Syllabus for Paper-II civil engineering optional upsc, upsc civil engineering prelims syllabus, upsc civil engineering syllabus pdf, optional syllabus, upsc optional subjects, upsc optional subject list, upsc civil engineering optional books, upsc civil engineering syllabus pdf
UPSC CSE Civil Engineering Optional Syllabus for Paper-I

Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis

  • Engineering Mechanics :
    Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Vectors, Concept of Force, Concept of particle and rigid
    body. Concurrent, Non- Concurrent and parallel forces in a plane, moment of force
    free body diagram, conditions of equilibrium, Principle of virtual work, equivalent force
    system.
    First and Second Moment of area, Mass moment of Inertia. Static Friction.
    Kinematics and Kinetics:
    Kinematics in cartesian Co-ordinates, motion under uniform and non-uniform
    acceleration, motion under gravity. Kinetics of particle : Momentum and Energy
    principles, collision of elastic bodies, rotation of rigid bodies.
  • Strength of Materials :
    Simple Stress and Strain, Elastic constants, axially loaded compression members, Shear
    force and bending moment, theory of simple bending, Shear Stress distribution across
    cross sections, Beams of uniform strength.
    Deflection of beams: Mecaulay’s method, Mohr’s Moment area method, Conjugate beam
    method, unit load method. Torsion of Shafts, Elastic stability of columns, Euler’s,
    Rankine’s and Secant formulae.
  • Structural Analysis :
    Castiglianio’s theorems I and II, unit load method, of consistent deformation applied to
    beams and pin jointed trusses. Slope-deflection, moment distribution.
    Rolling loads and Influences lines : Influences lines for Shear Force and Bending
    moment at a section of a beam. Criteria for maximum shear force and bending Moment in
    beams traversed by a system of moving loads. Influences lines for simply supported
    plane pin jointed trusses.
    Arches : Three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches, rib shortening and temperature
    effects.
    Matrix mehods of analysis : Force method and displacement method of analysis of
    indeterminate beams and rigid frames.
    Plastic Analysis of beams and frames : Theory of plastic bending, plastic analysis, statical
    method, Mechanism method.
    Unsymmetrical bending : Moment of inertia, product of inertia, position of Neutral Axis
    and Principal axes, calculation of bending stresses

Design of Structures : Steel, Concrete and Masonry Structures

  • Structural Steel Design :
    Structural steel : Factors of safety and load factors. Riveted, bolted and welded joints and
    connections. Design of tension and compression members, beams of built up section,
    Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.
    riveted and welded plate girders, gantry girders, stancheons with battens and lacings.
  • Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures :
    Concept of mix design. Reinforced Concrete : Working Stress and Limit State method of
    design— Recommendations of I. S. codes. Design of one way and two way slabs,
    stair-case slabs, simple and continuous beams of rectangular, T and L sections.
    Compression members under direct load with or without eccentricity.
    Cantilever and Counter fort type retaining walls.
    Water tanks : Design requirements for Rectangular and circular tanks resting on ground.
    Prestressed Concrete : Methods and systems of prestressing, anchorages, Analysis
    and design of sections for flexure based on working stress, loss of prestress.
    Design of brick masonry as per I. S. Codes

Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow and Hydraulic Machines

  • Fluid Mechanics :
    Fluid properties and their role in fluid motion, fluid statics including forces acting on
    plane and curve surfaces.
    Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow : Velocity and accelerations, stream lines,
    equation of continuity, irrotational and rotational flow, velocity potential and stream
    functions.
    Continuity, momentum, energy equation, Navier Stokes equation, Euler’s equation of
    motion, application to fluid flow problems, pipe flow, sluice gates, weirs.
  • Dimensional Analysis and Similitude: Buckingham’s Pi-theorem, dimensionless
    parameters.
  • Laminar Flow :
    Laminar flow between parallel, stationary and moving plates, flow through tube.
  • Boundary layer :
    Laminar and turbulent boundary layer on a flat plate, laminar sub-layer, smooth and
    rough boundaries, drag and lift.
    Turbulent flow through pipes : Characteristics of turbulent flow, velocity distribution and
    variation of pipe friction factor, hydraulic grade line and total energy line.
  • Open Channel Flow :
    Uniform and non-uniform flows, momentum and energy correction factors, specific
    energy and specific force, critical depth, rapidly varied flow, hydraulic jump, gradually
    varied flow, classification of surface profiles, control section, step method of integration
    of varied flow equation.
  • Hydraulic Machines and Hydro power :
    Hydraulic turbines, types classification, Choice of turbines performance parameters,
    controls, characteristics, specific speed. Principles of hydro power development.

Geo technical Engineering 

  • Soil Type and Structure—gradation and particle size distribution—consistency limits.
    Water in soil—capillary and structural—effective stress and pore water
    pressure—permeability concept—filed and laboratory determination of
    permeability—Seepage pressure—quick sand conditions—Shear strength
    determination—Mohr Coulomb concept.
  • Compaction of soil—Laboratory and filed test.
  • Compressibility and consolidation concept— consolidation theory—consolidation
    settlement analysis.
  • Earth pressure theory and analysis for retaining walls, Application for sheet piles and
    Braced excavation.
  • Bearing capacity of soil—approaches for analysis- Filed tests—settlement
    analysis—stability of slope of earth walk.
  • Subsurface exploration of soils—methods
    Foundation—Type and selection criteria for foundation of structures—Design criteria for
    foundation—Analysis of distribution of stress for footings and pile—pile group
    action—pile load test.
  • Ground improvement techniques
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UPSC CSE Civil Engineering Optional Syllabus for Paper-II

Construction Technology, Equipment, Planning and Management

  • Construction Technology
    Engineering Materials :
    Physical properties of construction materials with respect to their use in
    construction—Stones, Bricks and Tiles; Lime, Cement, different types of Mortars and
    Concrete.
    Specific use of ferro cement, fiber reinforced C. C., High strength concrete.
    Timber; Properties defects—common preservation treatments.
    Use and selection of materials for specific use like Low Cost Housing, Mass Housing, High
    Rise Buildings.
  • Construction :
    Masonry principles using Brick, stone, Blocks—construction detailing and strength
    characteristics.
    Types of plastering, pointing, flooring, roofing and construction features.
    Common repairs in buildings.
    Principle of functional planning of building for residents and specific use—Building code
    provisions.
    Basic principles of detailed and approximate estimating—specification writing and rate
    analysis-principles of valuation of real property.
    Machinery for earthwork, concreting and their specific uses—Factors affecting selection
    of equipment—operating cost of equipment.
  • CONSTRUCTION PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT :
    Construction activity—schedules—organization for construction industry—Quality
    assurance principles.
    Use Basic principle of network—analysis in form of CPM and PERT—their use in
    construction monitoring, Cost optimization and resource allocation.
    Basic principles of Economic analysis and methods.
    Project profitability—Basic principles of Boot approach to financial planning-simple toll
    fixation criterions.

Surveying and Transportation Engineering

  • Surveying : Common methods and instruments for distance and angle measurement for
    CE work—their use in plane table, traverse survey, levelling work, triangulation,
    contouring and topographical map.
    Basic principles of photogrammetry and remote sensing.
  • Railways Engineering : Permanent way—components, types and their
    function-Functions and Design constituents of turn and crossing— Necessity of
    geometric design of track—Design of station and yards.
  • Highway Engineering :
    Principles of Highway alignments—classification and geometrical design elements and
    standards for Roads.
    Pavement structure for flexible and rigid pavements—Design principles and
    methodology of pavements.
    Typical construction methods and standards of materials for stabilized soil, WBM,
    Bituminous works and CC roads.
    Surface and sub-surface drainge arrangements for roads—culvert structures.
    Pavement distresses and strengthening by overlays.
    Traffic surveys and their application in traffic planning—Typical design features for
    channelized, intersection rotary etc.—signal designs—standard Traffic signs and
    markings.

Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering

  • Hydrology :
    Hydrological cycle, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, infiltration, overland flow,
    hydrograph, flood frequency analyses, flood routing through a reservoir, channel flow
    routing—Muskingam method.
  • Ground Water flow :
    Specific yield, storage coefficient, coefficient of permeability, confined and unconfined
    aquifers, aquifers, aquitards, radial flow into a well under confined and unconfined
    conditions.
  • Water Resources Engineering :
    Ground and surface water resources, single and multipurpose projects, storage capacity
    of reservoirs, reservoir losses, reservoir sedimentation.
  • Irrigation Engineering :
    (i) Water requirements of crops : consumptive use, duty and delta, irrigation methods and
    their efficiencies.
    (ii) Canals : Distribution systems for cannal irrigation, canal capacity, canal losses, alignment
    of main and distributory canals, most efficient section, lined canals, their design, regime
    theory, critical shear stress, bed load.
    (iii) Water logging : causes and control, salinity.
    (iv) Canal structures : Design of head regulators, canal falls, aqueducts, metering flumes
    and canal outlets.
    (v) Diversion head work : Principles and design of weirs on permeable and impermeable
    foundation, Khosla’s theory, energy dissipation.
    (vi) Storage works : Types of dams, design, principles of rigid gravity stability analysis.
    (vii) Spillways : Spillway types, energy dissipation.
    (viii) River training : Objectives of river training, methods of river training.

Environmental Engineering

  • Water Supply :
    Predicting demand for water, impurities of water and their significance, physical,
    chemical and bacteriological analysis, waterborne diseases, standards for potable water.
  • Intake of Water :
    Water treatment: principles of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation; slow-, rapid-,
    pressure-, filters; chlorination, softening, removal of taste, odour and salinity.
  • Sewerage Systems :
    Domestic and industrial wastes, store sewage—separate and combined systems, flow
    through sewers, design of sewers.
  • Sewage Characterization 
    BOD, COD, solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC. Standards of disposal in normal
    water course and on land.
  • Sewage Treatment :
    Working principles, units, chambers, sedimentation tank, trickling filters, oxidation
    ponds, activated sludge process, septic tank, disposal of sludge, recycling of waste water.
  • Solid waste :
    Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.
    Collection and disposal in rural and urban contexts, management of long-term ill-effects.
  • Environmental pollution :
    Sustainable development. Radioactive wastes and disposal. Environmental impact
    assessment for thermal power plants, mines, river valley projects. Air pollution. Pollution
    control acts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) On UPSC CSE Optional Syllabus 

Question- What is the UPSC’s Annual Programme (Calendar) of Examinations/RTs (Recruitment Tests)?
Answer – The UPSC publishes an Annual Programme (Calendar) of all the Structured Examinations/RTs conducted by it at least 6 months in advance (i.e. in June) for the Examinations/RTs to be conducted during the next calendar year. The Programme is uploaded on the UPSC’s website as also published in the leading news papers of the country. The date of issue of Examination Notice for each Examination is also mentioned in this Annual Programme.

Question- What happens if a candidate submits multiple online applications?
Answer – While a candidate should avoid submitting more than one online application, in case of doing so, the data provided in the last application (highest RID Number), that is successfully submitted online, is accepted by the Commission. All previous applications are ignored as these are amalgamated with the last completed & finally submitted application. If an applicant (who has already submitted an application successfully) wants to
make amendments in the application, then he has to submit a fresh application on or before the last date of submission of application of the Examination. Therefore, it must be ensured that fee is submitted against the
last online application only, which should also be complete in all respects including its final submission. Fee paid against one RID shall not be adjusted against any other RID number

Question- What action is taken by the Commission in case of submission of false information by the candidates?
Answer – A candidate found to be furnishing false information to the Commission or suppressing information, adopting various unfair means in the Examination like impersonation, cheating, etc., is liable to be disqualified
and/or debarred from writing UPSC Examinations as decided by the Commission. A detailed stipulation in this regard is incorporated in the Rules of Examination/ Examination Notices.

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