UPSC CSE Public Administration Optional Syllabus 2021
By On June 5th, 2021
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UPSC CSE Public Administration Optional Syllabus for Paper-I

Administration Theory

  • Introduction :
    Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, Wilson’s vision of Public
    Administration, Evolution of the discipline and its present status. New Public Administration,
    Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance:
    concept and application; New Public Management.
  • Administrative Thought :
    Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s
    bureaucratic model its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary
    Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I.
    Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D.
    McGregor.)
  • Administrative Behaviour :
    Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories
    content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modem:
  • Organisations :
    Theories systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments,
    Corporations, Companies; Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc, and advisory bodies; Headquarters
    and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public-Private Partnerships.
  • Accountability and Control :
    Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and judicial control over
    administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary
    organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.
  • Administrative Law :
    Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation;
    Administrative Tribunals.
  • Comparative Public Administration :
    Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and
    politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and
    administration; Riggsian models and their
    critique.
  • Development Dynamics :
    Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Anti-development
    thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of
    liberalisation on administration in developing countries; Women and development the self-help
    group movement.
  • Personnel Administration :
    Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement,
    position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pray and service conditions;
    employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative
    ethics.
  • Public Policy :
    Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning,
    implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public
    policy formulation.
  • Techniques of Adminstrative Improvement :
    Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and
    information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
  • Financial Administration :
    Monetary and fiscal policies: Public borrowings and public debt Budgets types and forms;
    Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.
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UPSC CSE Public Administration Optional Syllabus for Paper-II

Indian Administration

  • Evolution of Indian Administration :
    Kautilya Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and
    administration Indianization of Public services, revenue administration, district Administration,
    local self Government.
  • Philosophical and Constitutional framework of Government :
    Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and
    democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
  • Public Sector Undertakings :
    Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy,
    accountability and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.
  • Union Government and Administration :
    Executive, Parliament, Judiciary-structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends;
    Intra-governmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat;
    Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions;
    Attached offices; Field organizations.
  • Plans and Priorities :
    Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the
    National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and
    State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic
    development and social justice.
  • State Government and Administration :
    Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission;
    Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
  • District Administration since Independence :
    Changing role of the Collector; Union-State-local relations; Imperatives of development
    management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic
    decentralization.
  • Civil Services :
    Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity building; Good
    governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights;
    Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.
  • Financial Management :
    Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance
    ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of
    Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor
    General of India.
  • Administrative Reforms since Independence :
    Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management
    and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
  • Rural Development :
    Institutions and agencies since Independence; Rural development programmes: foci and
    strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.
  • Urban Local Government :
    Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th
    Constitutional Amendment; Global-local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics
    and administration with special reference to city
    management.
  • Law and Order Administration:
    British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of Central and State
    Agencies including para military forces in maintenance of law and order and countering
    insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations;
    Reforms in Police.
  • Significant issues in Indian Administration:
    Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission;
    Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen administration interface; Corruption and
    administration; Disaster management.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) On UPSC CSE Optional Syllabus 

Question- What is the UPSC’s Annual Programme (Calendar) of Examinations/RTs (Recruitment Tests)?
Answer – The UPSC publishes an Annual Programme (Calendar) of all the Structured Examinations/RTs conducted by it at least 6 months in advance (i.e. in June) for the Examinations/RTs to be conducted during the next calendar year. The Programme is uploaded on the UPSC’s website as also published in the leading news papers of the country. The date of issue of Examination Notice for each Examination is also mentioned in this Annual Programme.

Question- What happens if a candidate submits multiple online applications?
Answer – While a candidate should avoid submitting more than one online application, in case of doing so, the data provided in the last application (highest RID Number), that is successfully submitted online, is accepted by the Commission. All previous applications are ignored as these are amalgamated with the last completed & finally submitted application. If an applicant (who has already submitted an application successfully) wants to
make amendments in the application, then he has to submit a fresh application on or before the last date of submission of application of the Examination. Therefore, it must be ensured that fee is submitted against the
last online application only, which should also be complete in all respects including its final submission. Fee paid against one RID shall not be adjusted against any other RID number

Question- What action is taken by the Commission in case of submission of false information by the candidates?
Answer – A candidate found to be furnishing false information to the Commission or suppressing information, adopting various unfair means in the Examination like impersonation, cheating, etc., is liable to be disqualified
and/or debarred from writing UPSC Examinations as decided by the Commission. A detailed stipulation in this regard is incorporated in the Rules of Examination/ Examination Notices.

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