 ALGEBRA
Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex
numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and viceversa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear in equations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.
 MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS :
Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, ApplicationsSolution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
 TRIGONOMETRY :
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Submultiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. ApplicationsHeight and distance, properties of triangles.
 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS:
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
 DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS :
Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
 INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS :
 Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plan regions bounded by curves—applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
 VECTOR ALGEBRA :
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors,
scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of
two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors.
Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in
geometrical problems.
 STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY :
Statistics : Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples. Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—
examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and
comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability : Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events,
impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
Syllabus & Examination Pattern for General Ability Test (GAT)
General Ability section have two parts
 Part A – English Test (200 Marks)
 Part B – General Knowledge Test (400 Marks)
NDA General Ability Test (GAT) Examination Pattern 
Subject 
Question 
Marks 
Time(minutes) 
General Ability Test (GAT) 
150 
600 
150 

Section ‘A’ (Physics)
 Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight,
Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes,
Pressure Barometer.
 Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s
Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces,
Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas
of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of
Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of
transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple
musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection
and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye.
 Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet,
Earth as a Magnet.
 Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Nonconductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating,
Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of
Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of XRays.
General Principles in the working of the following:
Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers,
Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask,
Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope,
Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety
Fuses.
Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)
 Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures
and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical
Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems).
Properties of Air and Water
 Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen,
Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon—different forms. Fertilizers—Natural and
Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and GunPowder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
Section ‘C’ (General Science)
 Difference between the living and nonliving. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and
Animals
 Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
 Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)
 A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation.
 Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Cooperatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
 Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
Section ‘E’ (Geography)
 The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and
their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides
Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and
distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
Section ‘F’ (Current Events)
 Knowledge of Important events that have happened in
India in the recent years. Current important world events.
Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including
those connected with cultural activities and sports.
NOTE : Out of maximum marks assigned to part ‘B’ of this paper, questions on Sections ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’, ‘E’ and ‘F’ will carry approximately 25%, 15%, 10%, 20%, 20% and 10% weightages respectively. 